The main campus is a chief intellectual centre in Hyderabad, and its alumni and faculty members include many distinguished individuals, including former Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao. Admission to the main campus departments of Psychology, Genetics, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Engineering, Management, and Law is highly competitive. The state government has appointed S Ramachadram as vice chancellor of the university. .
The university colleges are located within the main campus of the university. There are eight such colleges: the University College of Arts and Social Sciences, University College of Commerce & Business Management, University College of Technology, University College of Engineering, University College of Law, University College of Science, Institute of Advance Study in Education, and PG College of Physical Education..
The university offers courses in humanities, arts, sciences, social sciences, law, engineering, medicine, technology, commerce and business management, information technology and Oriental languages. In 2001, Osmania was awarded five-star status by the National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) of the University Grants Commission, part of the Government of India. .
University College of Engineering, Osmania University The university has a campus of nearly 1600 acres (6 km²) with 300,000 students (counting all the campuses, constituent affiliated colleges and district centres), making it one of the largest higher education system in India. It is home to nearly 300,000 students pursuing their higher studies. It attracts students from across the nation as well as from other countries. Nearly 5000 faculty and staff are employed at Osmania.
Beside many private and public schools, there are also many higher education institutions and universities in the state. The schools are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), or ICSE, or the state board. There are research institutions, colleges and universities which offer professional education in different fields including science, arts, humanities, law, medicine, etc. The University of Hyderabad, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) in Hyderabad, and National Institute of Technology (NIT) in Warangal are some of the important educational institutions in the state. The Electronics Corporation of India Limited and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Hyderabad are some famous research institutes in the state.